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Information about permanent residence in Uruguay.

Temporary Residence

Requisites:

·        Proof of any of the following activities:
a) Category 1: Scientists, researchers, docents, professionals, academic, technician and personal specialized contracted by private or public institutions and foreign or nationals enterprises that are settled in the country or are developing activities, in order to carry out works of its specialty. The following documents must be submitted:
i) A note in paper of the company establishing the activity that the requestor develops for the same one, signed by authorized person/s of the company and with amount of monthly salary and period of the activity in the country included.
ii) In case of being a private company, a notary public certificate certifying company existence stating: legal capacity, validity, social term, purpose, address in Uruguay, inscription in the Social Security Bank (Banco de Previsión Social/ BPS), and the Tax Office (Dirección General Impositiva/DGI) and person/s entitled to sign on behalf of the company.
 
b) Category 2: Entrepreneurs, directors, managers and administrative staff of national or foreign companies, transferred from abroad  to cover specific positions in these companies. The following documents must be submitted:
i) A note in paper of the company to establish the entailment with the same one, signed by authorized person/s of the company and with amount of monthly salary and period of the activity in the country included.
ii) a notary public certificate certifying company existence stating: legal capacity, validity, social term, purpose, address in Uruguay, inscription in the Social Security Bank (Banco de Previsión Social/ BPS), and the Tax Office (Dirección General Impositiva/DGI) and person/s entitled to sign on behalf of the company.

c) Category 3: Students who enter the country to attend regular student secondary studies, tertiary or of post degree in public or private institutions. The following documents must be submitted:
i) To prove quality of student by means of official certificate of the educative institution. In the case of being a private institute it will go accompanied of notary public certificate certifying company existence stating: legal capacity, validity, social term, purpose, address in Uruguay, inscription in the Social Security Bank (Banco de Previsión Social/ BPS), and the Tax Office (Dirección General Impositiva/DGI) and person/s entitled to sign on behalf of the company.
ii) Statement of sources of funding/income by notary public certification or bank certification issued by a bank established in Uruguay with the information.

d) Category 4: Journalists, sportsmen and artists contracted by companies to make own activities of its profession. They should submit:
i) A note in paper of the company to establish the entailment with the same one, signed by authorized person/s of the company and with amount of monthly salary and period of the activity in the country included.
ii) a notary public certificate certifying company existence stating: legal capacity, validity, social term, purpose, address in Uruguay, inscription in the Social Security Bank (Banco de Previsión Social/ BPS), and the Tax Office (Dirección General Impositiva/DGI) and person/s entitled to sign on behalf of the company.

e) Category 5: Recipients of scholarships. Proof of quality of student, length and cover of the scholarship included in a written note:
i) by the Uruguayan official Institution of our country involved in the scholarship, or
ii) by the foreign Consulate in Uruguay if needed, or
iii) by a non-governmental organization (i.e. International organization, Foundation, etc.) stating the quality of student and a notary public certificate certifying company existence stating: legal capacity, validity, social term, purpose, address in Uruguay, inscription in the Social Security Bank (Banco de Previsión Social/ BPS), and the Tax Office (Dirección General Impositiva/DGI) or certainty of exoneration in agreement with the established in art. 69 of the Constitution and person/s entitled to sign on behalf of the company.

f) Category 6: Religious. Must present a letterhead certificate issued by his/her congregation or church stating that they will take responsibility on requestor's expenses together with a notary public certification of legal entity status (personería jurídica) and other information of the congregation/church.   The notary public certification requirement could be substituted for a letter from the Curia or the Archbishopric.

g) Category 7: Spouses, concubines, parents and grandchildren of Uruguayan citizens. Art. 33 of Law No. 18.250. Documents to be submitted:
 i) Certificates of Marriage or Birth, with no more of 60 days of issued.
 ii) Photocopies ID of requestor and of the Uruguayan citizen.
·        2 Photos.
·        Health Certificate: issued by the Health Department of Uruguay or by other authorized medical institutions.  In all cases it must show the purpose of legal residence in Uruguay.
 
·        Judicial Certificate: (criminal background investigation):
i)  From the country where the applicant lived for the past five years prior entrance to Uruguay. Last address must be provided.
·          
If the requestor is older than 18 years old and lived the last 5 years before coming to Uruguay in the United States of America, or is an American citizen, shall have to go to Interpol Montevideo for this office get the certificate through FBI.
 
·        Date of entry: Entry/Departure card (tourist)  or verbal confirmation.
 
·        Original and photocopy of the document used to enter the country. If there is a difference between the last name stated in the original identity card and the one stated in the Uruguayan identity card, the requestor must present a legalized birth certificate translated into Spanish if applicable or the certificate of birth registered in the Uruguayan Civilian Registry ("Registro Civil’’)
 
·        Marriage license or certificate: If the requestor is married to a Uruguayan citizen or to a Uruguayan legal resident, he/she must present the spouse's identity card ("cédula de identidad").
 
·        Certificate of Birth. If the requestor is less than 18 years old a copy of this Certificate must be submitted.
This will also proceed as proof of relationship of the persons involved.
 
·        Requestor less than 18 years old. Besides the previous requirements, he/she must present an authorization from his/her parents to become a Uruguayan legal resident. Must demonstrate student status (from the age of 5 years old), by official certificate from the educational institution. In case of a private institution a notary public certificate certifying institution existence and stating its information is requested. If the requestor is not going to live with his/her parents, they must state who will be the adult responsible in the country. Consent from this person will be requested.
 
·        Household Goods. Upon arrival and having started residence formalities, the requestor can obtain a certificate of arrival to be presented at the Uruguayan customs authorities and begin with the procedure of entering his/her household goods.
 
 
GENERAL INFORMATION
 
·        If you do not speak Spanish you need to come with an interpreter.
 
·        All foreign documents presented must be legalized by the Uruguayan Consulate in the country of origin and the Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations and translated into English if applicable.
 
·        The certificates stating sources of funds/income can be issued by public notary or accountant. In both cases they must be presented with "montepío" notary stamp or professional stamp, respectively.
 
·        Incomes must be indicated on a monthly basis.       Incomes of applicant's concubine are not accepted, unless they have a Uruguayan descendant.
·         
·        Once the procedure is started, each time the sources of funds/income are updated, the requestor must present a new  public notary  certificate.
·         
·        The requestor can not be complied in this category when the activity that they try to develop in the country does not exceed the term 180 days stated by Art. 30 Decree dated February 28, 1947.
·        If the same entity, public or private, is promoting this type of status for more than one person at the same time, can issue only one note with this information.
·         
·        Requestor less than 18 years old. Besides the previous requirements, he/she must present an authorization from his/her parents to become a Uruguayan legal resident. Must demonstrate student status (from the age of 5 years old), by official certificate from the educational institution. In case of a private institution a notary public certificate certifying institution existence and stating its information is requested. If the requestor is not going to live with his/her parents, they must state who will be the adult responsible in the country. Consent from this person will be requested.
 
·        Terms of permanence and renovations of the Temporary Residence:
i) Categories 1, 2, 4 and 6: up to 2 years, renovation for equal period of time, only once.
 
ii) Category 3: up to one year, renovation for equal period of time, only once.
 
iii) Category 5: up to 1 year, renovation for equal period of time to the total length of the scholarship.
 
iv) Category 7: the terms of permanence will be the same as that of the relative with whom entered the country to reside temporarily.
 
In each and every case the personal appearance shall be needed to renovate this status.
 
·        The requestor will be able to obtain the first provisional identity card (as requestor for legal residence) only when the criminal background report is filed. A permanent ID will be given when the procedure is completed.
 
·        Period of time of procedure: 3 to 4 weeks.
·        Procedure Fees: 2.71 Unidades Reajustables.
 

Permanent Residence

Any foreigner bearing temporary immigration status in the country (i.e. tourist),  may request permission to change his/her status to legal resident provided the maximum period of 180 days since arrival to the country has not been exceeded.
 
The immigration authority ("Dirección Nacional de Migración" from now on in this document will be referred as DNM) will resolve on a case by case basis.
 
The change in status will be requested in written form. The letter will be presented  at the main office (Montevideo city) or at any of the equivalent inspection offices around the country.
 
The letter requesting the change of status should contain the following information:
·         First and last name of the requestor
·         Place and date of  birth
·         Address and phone number in Uruguay
·        Entry/departure card (issued by immigration when entering the national territory), or photocopy of the passport showing the country entry stamp. If previous documentation is not available requestor must inform exact date and point of entry to the country.
·         Motive to apply for Uruguayan permanent residence.
·         For those nationalities that require consular visa to enter the national territory, the letter must enclose photocopies of passport pages in which personal information, passport validity, last Uruguayan consular visa obtained and entry stamp are shown.
 
In the case of Uruguayan's sons/daughters or spouse the category change request is also required but permanent residency can be initiated prior to obtain the authorization from the immigration authority.
 
This also rules for son/daughters under 18 years old and spouses of foreign legal residents or foreigners who have already started their change category procedure.
 
When the DNM authorizes the category change request, the foreigner must start the legal residency procedure, presenting the following documentation:
 
·        Sources of funding/income (most common options).
 
1) Employees of legal entities ( i.e.: a company), some options:
 
a) Job offer in written in company's letterhead signed by the entitled person/s detailing position or work to be developed by the requestor, monthly salary amount –which should be enough for his/her maintenance- and a notary public certificate certifying company existence stating:   legal capacity, validity, socal term, purpose, address in Uruguay, inscription in the Social Security Bank ("Banco de Prevision Social"/BPS)  and the Tax Office ("Dirección General Impositiva"/DGI) and person/s entitled to sign on behalf of the company.                   
 b) Job contract subject to performance requires notary public certification detailing the company information and contract terms ( i.e. job description, remuneration and period).
 
2) Employees of individuals (i.e.: maid services). Sworn declaration signed by the employer and notary public certification of: employer's signature, job agreement, monthly salary amount and BPS registration. These requirements could be substituted by a notary public certification as indicated above without the sworn declaration.
 
3) Entrepreneurs and shareholders must present a certification issued by a public notary or accountant, including   company information (legal capacity, validity, social term, purpose, address in Uruguay, registration in BPS and DGI) and stating the requestor's role in the company, and estimated monthly incomes.
 
4) Entrepreneurs and independent workers must present a sworn declaration stating  the activity and a notary public certification of the signature, company information (address, purpose) registration in BPS and DGI and estimated monthly incomes.
 
5) Persons who live off interest/rents, retirees and pensioners in foreign countries must present a notary public certification indicating their status and monthly incomes he/she will receive in Uruguay (minimum required United States dollars 1.500,00/one thousand five hundred).
 
6) Retirees in Uruguay must show last receipt from the public entity.
 
7) Religious. Must present a letterhead certificate issued by his/her congregation or church stating that they will take responsibility on requestor's expenses together with a notary public certification of legal entity status (personería jurídica) and other information of the congregation/church.   The notary public certification requirement could be substituted for a letter from the Curia or the Archbishopric.
 
8) Students. 
 
a) Demonstrate student status by official certificate from the educational institution. In case of a private institution a notary public certificate certifying the existence of the institution and stating its information: legal capacity, validity, purpose and address.
 
b) Statement of sources of funding/income by notary public certification or bank certification issued by a bank established in Uruguay evidencing sources of funding/income of the student.
 
9) Spouses, concubines, parents and grandchildren of Uruguayan citizens.
Art. 33 of Law No. 18.250. Documents to be submitted:
 
a) Certificates of Marriage or Birth, with no more of 60 days of issued.
 
b) Photocopies ID of requestor and of the Uruguayan citizen.
 
10) Real estate owners.
 
a) Present a notary public certificate certifying that the requestor is the only owner of the real estate (information to identify the real estate). It is accepted that the ownership of the real estate is a household (spouses, spouse and sons/daughters).   It is not accepted that the real estate is owned by a company owned by the requestor.
 
b) Present a notary public certificate certifying that the requestor intents to buy the property (the requestor has signed a buying compromise agreement) and that this agreement  has been registered at the corresponding office "Registro de promesas de enajenación de inmuebles a plazo".
 
 
·        One passport photo.
 
·        Health Certificate: issued by the Health Department of Uruguay or by other authorized medical institutions.  In all cases it must show the purpose of legal residence in Uruguay.
 
·        Judicial Certificate: (criminal background investigation):
     
·         - From the country where the applicant lived for the past five years prior entrance to Uruguay. Last address must be provided.
·          
·         - From the country of his/her nationality.
 
If the requestor is older than 18 years old and lived for a period longer than 1 year, the last years before coming to Uruguay, in the following countries: Germany; Australia; Austria; Belgium; Brazil; Canada; Colombia; Cuba; China; Slovenia; Spain; France; Great Britain; Holland; Hong Kong; Israel; Italy; Japan; Norway; Peru, Poland; Czech Republic; Russia; South Africa; Sweden; Switzerland and Taiwan and/or his/her nationality is from any of these countries that have no agreement with Interpol, shall have to present a Judicial Certificate at the correspondent consular office.
 
·         In case of Brazil, a certificate given by Federal Police is accepted but it must be legalized by the consular office and do not need to be translated, Law 18.244, 12/11/2007.
 
If the requestor is older than 18 years old and lived the last 5 years before coming to Uruguay in the United States of America, or is an American citizen, shall have to go to Interpol Montevideo for this office get the certificate through FBI.
 
·        Date of entry: Entry/Departure card (tourist)  or verbal confirmation.
 
·        Identity card: This refers to document borne by the requestor when entering Uruguay or the current valid document of identity.  If there is a difference between the last name stated in the original identity card and the one stated in the Uruguayan identity card, the requestor must present a legalized birth certificate translated into Spanish if applicable or the certificate of birth registered in the Uruguayan Civilian Registry ("Registro Civil’’)
 
·        Original and fotocopy of the document used to enter the country. In the case of differences between the last name
 
·        Marriage license or certificate: If the requestor is married to a Uruguayan citizen or to a Uruguayan legal resident, he/she must present the spouse's identity card ("cédula de identidad").
 
·        Certificate of Birth. If the requestor is less than 18 years old a copy of this Certificate must be submitted.
This will also proceed as proof of  relationship of the persons involved.
 
·        Requestor less than 18 years old. Besides the previous requirements, he/she must present an authorization from his/her parents to become a Uruguayan legal resident. Must demonstrate student status (from the age of 5 years old), by official certificate from the educational institution. In case of a private institution a notary public certificate certifying institution existence and stating its information is requested. If the requestor is not going to live with his/her parents, they must state who will be the adult responsible in the country. Consent from this person will be requested.
 
·        Household Goods. Upon arrival and having started residence formalities, the requestor can obtain a certificate of arrival to be presented at the Uruguayan customs authorities and begin with the procedure of entering his/her household goods.
 
 
GENERAL INFORMATION
 
·        If you do not speak Spanish you need to come with an interpreter.
 
·        All foreign documents presented must be legalized by the Uruguayan Consulate in the country of origin and the Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations and translated into English if applicable.
 
·        The certificates stating sources of funds/income can be issued by public notary or accountant. In both cases they must be presented with "montepío" notary stamp or professional stamp, respectively.
 
·        Incomes must be indicated on a monthly basis.       Incomes of applicant's concubine are not accepted, unless they have a Uruguayan descendant.
 
·        Once the procedure is started, each time the sources of funds/income are updated, the requestor must present a new  public notary  certificate
 
·        The requestor will be able to obtain the first provisional identity card (as requestor for legal residence) only when the criminal background report is filed. A permanent ID will be given when the procedure is completed.
 
·        The status of Permanent Resident is lost when the resident is absent of the country for more than 3 years.
 
·        Procedure Fees: 2.71 Unidades Reajustables.
 
 
Regulation of benefits given to foreigners by Law 16.340, December 23th, 1992
 
Article 1. If a foreign person fulfills the following conditions: a) is a retiree in a foreign country; b) has obtained the permanent residency in Uruguay after December 15th 1992, he/she will be entitled to the benefits stated in the Article 3rd of the regulated Law, subject to the presentation of the following documentation:
 
a. Documentation certifying his/her retiree status and a steady and permanent minimum monthly income of $ 1,500 (US Dollars one thousand five hundred). Legitimate documentation translated into English if applicable and legalized by the Uruguayan Consulate in the place of issuance.
 
b. Purchase of a real estate property  or Uruguayan government securities according to the following:
 
i. Purchase after December 15th 1992 of a real estate property located in Uruguay with residential (home) purpose with a minimum value of $ 100,000 (US dollars one hundred thousand).  The property could not be sold for a period of 10 years. Property title or notary public certificate should be presented to demonstrate ownership.
 
ii. Purchase of Uruguayan government securities of a minimum nominal value of $ 100,000 (US Dollars one hundred thousand). The securities will be under custody of the “Banco de la República Oriental del Uruguay” for a minimum period of 10 years.
 
The real estate investment can be exchanged for the Uruguayan government securities and vice versa.  Any of those assets could be exchanged by a risk investment of the same minimal amount provided it has been approved by the “Oficina de Planeamiento y Presupuesto”.  If the real estate value is less than the minimum required it can be complemented by Uruguayan government securities.  All changes require authorization from the “Ministerio del Interior”.
 
Article 2. Persons who comply with the requirements stated in Article 1 will be entitled to obtain following benefits:
 
A. Introduction into the country during the 6 months after the permanent residence is approved of the following goods free of all custom, import and exchange duties:
 
1. Furniture, appliances and related items to be used at the requestor’s house (custom authorities will review and evaluate the quantities and purpose).
 
2. 1 car subject to the following conditions:
·         The car cannot be sold or transferred for a period of 4 years after the introduction into the country.
·         The car will be registered at the car registry (“Registro de Vehículos Automotores”) and the documents will indicate status described above (A).
·         The car must be insured according to the regulations existing for status described above (A).
·          
B. Issuance of current passport for the requestor, spouse and son/s/daughter/s (less than 18 years old) according to Artículo 17 Decreto 167/993.
 
C. Keeping life and retirement insurance benefits contracted abroad.
 
Article 3. Foreigners interested in obtaining the benefits of the Law 16.340 could start the legal residence procedure with their relatives, at the corresponding Uruguayan Consulate or at the Uruguayan Migration Office (“Direccion Nacional de Migracion”).
 
In both cases, applicants should comply with the requirements of the Artículo 6to, Decree dated February 28th, 1947.
 
To comply with Sources of funding/income the requestor should comply with the terms stated in Article 1 A) and present a signed commitment to proceed with the investment required in B).
 
In case procedure is started at the DNM, to comply with Criminal Record requirement, the following information is needed:
- From the country where the requestor lived the last five years prior entering in Uruguay. Last address must be provided.
- US citizens may present a criminal record issued in USA, legalized by the Uruguayan Consulate in USA and translated into Spanish or they can request their criminal record at the INTERPOL office in Uruguay.
 
To comply with Health Certificate requirement, a health certificate issued by “Ministerio de Salud Pública” (Ministry of Public Health) or by another authorized medical institution must be presented.  In all cases it must shown the purpose: “radicación” or “residencia legal en el país” (legal residence).
 
Foreign retirees and pensioners from the organizations (with seat in Uruguay) stated below must present a certification issued by the “Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores” (Uruguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations) subject to the compliance of the above mentioned conditions:
 
·         International organizations
·         Embassies
·         Consulates
·         Military missions
·         Commercial missions
·          
Article 4. Once the permanent residency request is approved by the Ministry of the Interior, the “Dirección Nacional de Migración” will contact the “Dirección Nacional de Aduanas” (Custom authority) in order to authorize the introduction of furniture and appliances.
 
Article 5. Once the signed commitment to proceed with the investment required in Article 1 B) is presented the “Dirección Nacional de Migración” will communicate: a) the “Dirección Nacional de Aduanas” in order to authorize the introduction of the car and b) the “Dirección Nacional de Identificación Civil” (Uruguayan Direction of Civilian Identification)  in order to issue the passport.
 
Article 6. Violation of the rules concerning prohibition of sale of the real estate property and/or work as employee will produce the loss of custom benefits and passport.

Embassy of Uruguay in the United States: 1913 I (Eye) Street, NW ,Washington, DC. 20006 | Phone: (202) 3311313